25 vkWxLV 1988 lkyh lh-ds-ih- DycP;k efgyk foHkkxkph LFkkiuk >kyh- [kkjP;k ,d T;s”B jfgok’kh Jherh i|kckbZ nksans g;k R;k dkGP;k lektlsod Bk.ks] ikysZ] nknj g;k loZ fldsih lektkr R;kaP;k HksVh gksr vlr- R;k dkGkrhy vkiY;k lektkP;k r:.k lHkkln lkS- eank [kkjdj] lkS- T;ksRLuk xqIrs] lkS- v:.kk ikV.kdj g;kauk ?ksowu rsfFky Li/ksZar Hkkx ?ks.;klkBh usr vlr- rsOgk g;k vkiY;k Hkfxuhauk usgeh cf{kls feGr vlr- vkiY;k Dyce/ks efgyk foHkkx uOgrk- R;keqGs Li/kkZ ?ksrk ;sr uOgR;k-

rsaOgk lkS- eank [kkjdj ;kauh Jherh izfeyk ckbZ xqIrs] Jh- ljykckbZ eksfgys] Jh- xqykcrkbZ nhf{kr g;k ts”B fL=;kadMs efgyk foHkkx dk<.;klkBh vkxzg /kjyk- rsaOgk R;kosGsps vkiY;k lh-ds-ih- DycP;k dk;Zdkjh eaMGkrhy Jh- e/kq xqIrs] Jh- t;ar [kkjdj] Jh- ckcklkgsc nhf{kr] Jh- ckiqlkgsc xqIrs o Jh- ‘kjn j.kfnos g;kauk efgyk foHkkx dk<kok v’kh fouarh dsyh- R;k lokZauh fopkjiwoZd efgyk foHkkx dk<.;kl r;kjh nk[koyh o Jh- j.kfnos ;kauh efgyk foHkkxkph ?kVuk d:u fnyh-

vls Bjys dh efgyk foHkkxkrhy lHkklnkadMwu Qh ?;k;ph ukgh- tks lektkpk lHkkln vkgs R;kph iRuh efgyk foHkkxkph lHkkln gksbZy- nj efgU;kyk Bjkfod jDde DycdMwu [kpkZlkBh fnyh tkbZy- R;kosGh dks.kh uksdjh djhr ulY;kus foHkkxkyk okj cq/kokj Bjo.;kr vkyk- nqikjh 3 rs 6 oktsi;Zar tekos vls Bjys-

v’kh ?kVuk Bjyh rsaOgk lkS- eank [kkjdj g;kauh T;ksRluk xqIrs] v:.kk ikV.kdj] ljy j.kfnos o t;y{eh xqIrs ga;kuk dk;Zokg dj.;kps Bjoys o 25 vkWxLV 1988 lkyh efgyk foHkkxkph LFkkiuk >kyh- ikysZ ;sFkhy T;s”B Hkfxuh Jherh m”kkrkbZ ns’kikaMs g;kauk izeq[k ikgq.;k Eg.kwu vkeaf=r dsys gksrs- R;kaP;k gLrs mn~?kkVukpk dk;ZØe Qkjp Nku >kyk-

nj cq/kokjh iÙks jeh [ksG.;kiklwu lq:okr >kyh- rsaOgk vkiY;k T;s”B Hkfxuh vkotwZu ;sr vlr- Li/kkZ ?ksrY;k tkr tqU;k dk;Zokg tkÅu uohu lHkkln vkys o lapkfydkaph dkes vkoMhus d: ykxsy- iÙks [ksG.kkÚ;k dkgh lHkkln Hkfxuh [kkj lksMwu nwj jgko;kl xsY;k] dks.kh ckgsjxkoh xsY;keqGs vkrk QDr nj efgU;kP;k ‘ksoVP;k cq/kokjh dk;ZØe vlrks- R;krgh d/kh euksjatukRed dk;ZØe] d/kh ekfgrhiw.kZ O;k[;kus okf”kZd [ksG l.kkaps vkSfpR; lk/kwu lktsls & eaxGkxkSjhps [ksG] xjck fofo/k Li/kkZ] oxSjs dk;ZØe vk;ksftr dsys tkrkr- o/kkZiufnuk fufeÙk lgHkkstu] ,d fnol vkuankr ?kkyo.;klkBh o”kkZlgy fdaok ,d jk= jkg.;kph lgy gs gh vk;ksftr dsys tkrkr- ;k loZ dk;ZØekauk izfrlkngh ok<R;k Js.khr feGw ykxyk- vkf.k vkrk rj d/kh ‘ksoVpk cq/kokj ;srks ;kph Hkfxuh okVp ikgr vlrkr- ;k loZ dk;ZØe djrk lh-ds-ih- Dyc [kkj ;kaph vkEgkyk eksykph enr gksrs- ,dhdMs efgyk foHkkxkph gh okVpky pkyw vlrkukp efgyk foHkkxkus ^Lusgkafdrk* ;k lh-ds-ih- e/;orhZ L=h laLFksph layXurk ?ksryh- efgyk foHkkxkps loZ dk;Z O;ofLFkr gksr vls R;keqGs LusgkafdrkP;k dk;Zy;kdMwu vkrk [kkjus f’kchj ?;kos vlk vkxzg dj.;kr vkyk- rsaOgk lh-ds-ih- DycP;k efgyk foHkkxkus Lusgkafdrkps 12os f’kchj 2 Qsczqokjh 1992 jfookjh Hkjoys gksrs- R;kph loZ efgyk lHkklnkauh oxZ.kh fnyh- DycP;k dk;Zdkjh eaMGkus rj [kpkZlkBh lkjLor c¡dsr [kkrsgh m?kMwu fnys gksrs- f’kchj laiY;koj loZ tek[kpkZpk fg’kksc fnY;koj gs [kkrs can dj.;kr vkys- Dycps fo’oLr dk;Zdkjh eaMGkl efgyk foHkkxkcíy fo’okl o vknj gksrk- f’kchjkr izeq[k ikgq.;k o v/;{k Eg.kwu [kkjP;k jfgok’kh Jherh yrk jkts o lkS- ehuy lqHkk”k xqIrs g;kauk vkeaf=r dsys gksrs- ;k f’kchjkr LusgkafdrkP;k bfrgklkr izFkep f’kchjkph ekfgrh ns.kkjs i=d vkea=.k if=dsP;k :ikr dk<.;kr vkys-

Lusgkafdrkps 12os f’kchj ?ksrY;kuarj yxspp 1993 e/;s efgyk foHkkxkus LusgkafdrkP;k dk;kZy;kph tckcnkjh 2 o”kkZadjhrk ?ksÅu ;’kLohi.ks ikj ikMyh- v/;{kk & lkS eank [kkjdj] dk;Zokg & lkS- T;ksRLuk xqIrs] [kftunkj & lkS- fla/kw lqGs o lgdk;Zokg & ‘kj;w fVi.khl ;k gksR;k ;k njE;ku LusgkafdrkP;k f’kchjkarhy Li/kkZae/;s efgyk foHkkxkus Hkkx ?ksÅu cf{kls feGo.ks gs vO;kgr pkyw gksrsp- vkrk dk;Zdkfj.khP;k lksbZdjrk lapkfydkae/kwup T;s”Brsuqlkj ,d v/;{k] ,d [kftunkj o ,d dk;Zokg use.;kr ;sÅ ykxys- ;ke/;s vusd Hkfxuh & ljy j.kfnos] t;y{eh xqIrs] yhyk lcuhl] ufyuh fpV.kohl] ‘k’khdyk ikV.kdj] uhyk QM.khl] jktJh ikV.kdj oxSjsuh v/;{kinkph tckcnkjh laHkkGwu vkiY;k iq<P;k fi<hyk ekxZn’kZu dsys-

vkt vkiyh v/;{kk ‘osrk iz/kku] dk;Zokgh eksfyuk iz/kku o R;kaP;k loZ lgdkjh vR;ar mRlkgkus efgyk foHkkx laHkkGr vkgsrp i.k R;kcjkscjp LusgkafdrkP;k izR;sd f’kchjkrhy Li/kkZae/;s Hkkx ?ksÅu ikfjrksf”kdsgh feGor vkgs-

vfHkekukph xks”V Eg.kts LusgkafdrkP;k lokZr eksB;k ns.kxhnkj Jherh nso;kuh dqyd.khZ ¼#- 1 yk[k½ o Jherh yhyk lcuhl ¼# 51 gtkj½ ;k nks?kh vkiY;k efgyk foHkkxkP;kp lHkkln vkgsr- ckSf)d Li/ksZr cf{kls ns.;kph lq:okr nso;kuh rkbZauhp dsyh- brdsp uOgs rj fotsR;k laLFkslkBh fQjrh Vkygh Bsoyh- efgyk foHkkxkus gh <ky 2 osGk feGoyh vkgs gh vkuankph xks”V vkgs- yhykrkbZ lcuhlkdMwu f’kchj vk;kstd laLFksl dkSrqdkph Fkki Eg.kwu f’kchj vk;kstu iqjLdkj fnyk tkrks-

2008 rs 2010 e/;s Lusgkafdrkps dk;kZy; efgyk foHkkxkus laHkkGys- v/;{kk & t;y{eh xqIrs] dk;Zokgh & uhyk QM.khl] [kftunkj oh.kk dkj[kkuhl o lgdk;Zokg vuqjk/kk ns’kikaMs- ;kuarj 2012 rs 2016 ;k dkyko/khdjhrk Lusgkafdrkps fo’oLringh efgyk foHkkx [kkj ;kaP;kdMsp ;sÅu vk.k[kh ,d ekukpk qjk [kksoyk xsyk- fo’oLr & t;y{eh xqIrs] uhyk QM.khl o oh.kk dkj[kuhl-

2016 rs 2018 ;k dkyko/khdjrk iqu% ,dnk efgyk foHkkx [kkj] LUsgkafdrkP;k dk;Zy;kph /kqjk lkaHkkG.kkj vlwu] R;kps inkf/kdkjh vtwu Bjk;ps vkgsr- ijarq ;k loZ gh tckcnkjh vR;ar dq’kyi.ks ikj ikMrhy ;kcíy ‘kadk ukgh- R;kauk eukiklwu ‘kqHksPNk !

v’kk izdkjs efgyk foHkkxkpk O;ki fnolsafnol ok<r vlwu R;kaph v’khp izxrh mÙkjksÙkj gksr tkoks gh lfnPNk !