Hkkjrh; paknzlsuh; dk;LFk izHkq e/;orhZ L=h laLFkk

f’kodkyhu ,sfrgklhd uksanhuqlkj paknzlsuh; dk;LFk izHkq tkrh cka/kokapk ykSdhd&cq/nheku] ‘kwj] Lokehfu”B] bekuh vlk vkgs- v’kk vkiY;k HkkjrHkj fo[kqjysY;k Kkrh cka/kokauk ,d= vk.kwu la?kVhr d:u ijLij lgdk;kZus v/khd izxr djkos] vls ‘krdkaiwohZ vkiY;k dkgh n`”V;k Kkrh cka/kokauk okVr gksrs- R;kuqlkj 1892 lkyh ukf’kd ;sFks ,d v[khy Hkkjrh; pka- dk- izHkq lektksUUkrh ifj”kn Hkjfo.;kr vkyh gksrh- R;kuarj nj 5 o”kkZauh osxosxG;k fBdk.kh gh ifj”kn fu;ehr laiUu gksr vls- R;kuqlkj 1975 lkyh 10 oh ifj”kn ukxiwj ;sFks vk;ksftr dj.;kr vkyh gksrh- ifj”knsps fu;ksthr v/;{k gksrs- eqacbZps egkikSj MkW- gsepanz xqIrs- R;kauk vls okVr gksrs dh] eqacbZ o vktqcktqP;k ifjljkrwu Kkrh ca/kqHkfxuhauh eksB;k la[;sus ifj”knsr lgHkkxh Ogkos- ijarq R;kdjhrk izpkj dj.ks vko’;d gksrs- Kkrh Hkfxuhae/;s izpkj dj.;kph dkefxjh R;kauh ts”B lkekftd dk;ZdR;kZa Jherh m”kkrkbZ ns’kikaMs ;katdMs lqiqnZ dsyh- m”kkrkbZauh uqdrhp 1971 lkyh foysikysZ ;sFks ^Lusg’kykdk* pka-dk- izHkq L=h laLFkk LFkkiu dsyh gksrh- fofo/k dk;ZØe miØek}kjs gh laLFkk Kkrh HkfxuhaP;k lokZaxh.k izxrhps iz’kaluh; dk;Z djhr gksrh-

Lusg’kykdk laLFksP;k dk;ZdR;kZauk tkxrhd efgyk o”kkZ fufeRRkk dkgh fo’ks”k dk;ZØe gkrh ?;kok vls okVr gksrs- R;kposGh m”kkrkbZaP;k eukr vls vkys dh] izpkjklkBh fBdfBdk.kh tk.;kis{kk vki.k ,d f’kchj Hkjowu fBdfBdk.kP;k Kkrh laLFkkae/khy nksu nksu efgyk izfrfu/khauk vkea=hr djkos- f’kchjkph dYiuk Lusg’kykdk laLFkk Hkfxuhauk ilar iMyh o gkp fo’ks”k dk;ZØe gkrh ?ks.;kps lokZauh fuf’pr dsys- ijarq uqdR;kp LFkkiu >kysY;k laLFksiq<s f’kchjkP;k [kpkZpk iz’u mHkk jkfgyk- Hkfxuhaph ftÌ eksBh gksrh- iMrhy rsOg<s ifjJe dj.;kph o [kpZ lokZauh okVwu ?ks.;kph r;kjh dsyh-

f’kchjkpk fnolHkjkpk dk;ZØe dk; vlkok\ g;kcÌy ppkZ lq: >kyh- laLFksP;k ,d dk;ZdR;kZa Jherh ‘kkfyuh [kksidj ;kauh lqpfoys dh] dk;ZØe izcks/kukRed vlkok- R;kdjhrk oD`Ro Li/kkZ] ifjlaokn vls dk;ZØe vk;ksftr djkos- lokZaukp lqpuk ilar iMyh o R;kizek.ks dk;ZØe fuf’pr >kyk- f’kchjkP;k ldkGP;k l=kr oD`Ro Li/kkZ] R;kpk fo”k; ukxiwj ;sFkhy vf/kos’kukrhy Li/ksZpk fuf’pr >kyk- rks gksrk &^vkiY;k Kkrhrhy ok<R;k ?kkrqd pkyhfjrh] :<h o vki.k ?;k;ph Hkqfedk*- nqikjP;k l=krhy ifjlaoknkpk fo”k; gksrk] ^dk;LFk L=h dyk] vkt vkf.k m|k*- R;k [ksjht euksjatukRed dk;ZØe gksrkp laLFkk Hkfxuh f’kchjkP;k r;kjhyk ykxY;k- fnukad 11@11@1975 jksth foysikysZ ;sFks ifgys f’kchj laiUUk >kys- vkaC;kP;k ikukauh o >saMwP;k Qqykauh lq’kksfHkr dsysY;k lHkkx`gkr Hkkjrh; cSBdhoj 50 gwu vf/kd Hkfxuh fojkteku >kY;koj bZ’kLroukus dk;ZØekyk lq:okr >kyh- R;kuarj m”kkrkbZauh mifLFkr Hkfxuhaps Lokxr dsys o R;kuarj ukxiwj ;sFkhy vf/kos’kukpk ri’khy lkafxryk- loZ Hkfxuhauk fouarh dsyh dh] ekfgrh vkiY;k LFkkfud KkrhHkfxuhauk nsÅu eksB;k la[;sus ukxiwj ;sFks mifLFkr jkguw loZ dk;ZØekr lgHkkxh Ogkos-

oD`Ro Li/ksZyk lq:okr >kyh- lq:okrhyk ‘kkfyuh [kksidj ;kauh fo”k;kph ekaM.kh dsyh- mifLFkr Hkfxuhauh Li/ksZr o ifjlaoknkr lgHkkxh gksÅu vR;ar rGeGhus vkiys fopkj eakMys- Hkfxuh vxnh HkjHk:u cksyY;k- e/;arjkr eV.k&oM;kapk [kkl dk;LFkh csr- rks gh laLFkk Hkfxuhauh Lor% cufoysyk- loZ t.kh vxnh [kw”k >kY;k-

lekjksikP;k osGh f’kchjkP;k v/;{kk Jherh Lusgyrk fHkls o izeq[k ikgq.;k ekyrh ikydj ;kauh v’kk rÚgspk lektizcks/kukRed dk;ZØe vk;ksthr d:u mRRke rÚgsus ikj ikMY;kcÌy Lusg’kykdk laLFksps o dk;ZdR;kZaps dkSrqd d:u vfHkuanu dsys- f’kchjkpk mYYks[k ,d ,sfrgkfld ?kVuk vlk R;kauh dsyk- v/;{kk vkiY;k Hkk”k.kkr Eg.kkY;k izxrhij lq[kh thou tx.;kl la?kVhr dk;kZps egRRo vkgs- cnyR;k dkGkar] ifjfLFkrhuq:i cny gks.ks vko’;d vkgs- R;klkBh f’kchjs ?ksÅu ppkZ fopkj fofue; d:u fu.kZ; ?ks.ks t:jhps vkgs- Eg.kwu izR;sd laLFksus vkGhikGhus izrho”khZ vls f’kchj vk;ksthr djkos- mifLFkr Hkfxuhauh lwpuk f’kjks/kk;Z ekuwu vaeykr vk.k.;kpk fu’p; dsyk- vkf.k izR;{kkr bfrgklp ?kMyk-

R;kosGh vls y{kkr vkys dh] loZ= Kkrh laLFkk dk;Zjr gksR;k- ijarq pka-dk- izHkq L=h laLFkk vfLrRokrp uOgR;k- dkgh izLFkkfir Kkrh laLFkkps efgyk foHkkx dk;Zjr gksrs- ijarq f’kfcjkeqGs tknqph dkaMh fQjkoh r’kh fde;k ?kMyh- fBdfBdk.kh Kkrh L=h laLFkk LFkkiu gksÅu mRRke rÚgsus dk;Zjr >kY;k- R;kiSdh 25@30 laLFkk Lusgkafdrkyk layXu vkgsr- g;k laLFkk dk;kZy;kph tckcnkjh vkGhikGhus ?ksÅu] f’kchjs vk;ksthr d:u Lusgkafdrkyk ;ksxnku nsr vkgsr-

Lusgkafdrkus LFkkiusiklwu vktferhi;Zar 31 f’kchjs] LFkkiuknhukpk jksI; egksRlo] LusglaEesyu] lgyh vk;ksthr d:u vR;ar ;’kLoh dsyh vkgsr-

vkeph dk;LFk Hkfxuh lqanj] lqxj.k] lqf’kf{kr] vusd dykxq.kkauh laiUUk ijarq R;k dkGkr frpk macjB;kckgsjhy txrkr okoj vxnh e;kZnhr gksrk- ek= efgyk eaMGkrhy eqDr okrkoj.kkr frph lokZaxh.k izxrh gksÅ ykxyh- vusd {ks=kae/;s rh pedw ykxyh vkgs-

ifgY;k f’kfcjkrhy efgykaph mifLFkrh 50] gh vkrk 1000&2000 P;k ?kjkr xsyh vkgs- R;kdfjrk iz’kLr lHkkx`gs&ukV;x`gs vk;ksftr dsyh tkrkr- Lusgkafdrkph gh ;’kLoh okVpky Kkrh HkfxuhaP;k Lugkps o lgdk;kZps izfrd vlwu vR;ar iz’kaluh; vkgs-

la?kVukspk ok<rk O;ki y{kkr ?ksÅu O;oLFkkiukr lqlw=rk vk.k.;kdjhrk fu;e dj.;kr vkys- izFke la?kVusyk ^Lusgkafdrk* vls ukao ns.;kr vkys- layXurk ‘kqYd :- 15@& fuf’pr dj.;kr vkys- O;fDr lHkkln ‘kqYd gh okf”kZd :- 5@& dj.;kar vkys- R;keqGs i=O;gkjkP;k [kpkZph rjrwn dj.;kr vkyh- ek= lHksP; pgkik.;kpk [kpZ lHkk vk;ksftr dj.kkjh laLFkkp djhy vls Bjys-

lq:okrhyk T;s”B laLFkk Hkfxuh&nknj us gh tckcnkjh vusd o”ksZ lkaHkkGyh] gGwgGw izLFkkfir >kysY;k brj laLFkk gh tckcnkjh Lohdkj.;kl iq$#60;s ;sÅ ykxY;k- R;keqGs dk;kZy; 2 o”kkZdjhrk ,d,d laLFksdMs lqiwrZ dj.;kps Bjys- R;kizek.ks dk;kZy;kph okVpky nknj&Bk.ks&foysikysZ&[kkj&psacwj&nknj ekr` okRlY;k eaMG & Mksafcoyh&Bk.ks&psacwj&iuosy&[kkj&foysikysZ & eqyaaqM &ok’kh v’kh >kyh- dk;kZy; Lohdkj.kkÚ;k laLFksP;k dk;ZdR;kZa v/;{k] mik/;{k] [kftunkj] dk;Zokgh] lgdk;Zokg inko:u dkedkt lkaHkkGr vlrkr-

f’kfcj ‘kqYd laLFkk lHkkln Hkfxuhauk lq:okrhyk :- 5@& o bPNqd Kkrh Hkfxuhauk FkksMs vf/kd vls vkdkj.;kr ;sr vls- ifjfLFkrhuq:i R;kr gGqgGq ok< dj.;kr vkyh- :- 240@300 laLFksP;k dk;Zdkfj.khoj loZ layXu laLFkkaps v/;{k o nksu izfrfu/kh dk;Zdkjh lnL; vlrkr rj rhu efgU;kauh dk;Zdkfj.khph lHkk o o”kZv[ksj loZlk/kkj.k lHkk vk;ksftr dsyh tkrs- vfHkekukph xks”V Eg.kts lHksps fBdk.kh fdrhgh ykac vlys rjh 70 rs 80 VDds mifLFkrh vlrs-

f’kfcj ladYiups loZ= Lokxr gksÅu LusgkafdrkdMs vusd mRLQwrZ ns.kX;k ;sÅ ykxY;k- ckSf/nd l=kdfjrk fQjrh $#60;ky] lkaLÑfrd l=kyk fQjrk e;wj p”kd] Hkfxuh xkSjo iqjLdkj] uom|kstd ikfjrksf”kd] f’kfcj vk;kstu dkSrqd iqjLdkj] fuca/k Li/kkZ] dkO; Li/kkZ] dFkk Li/kkZ ;kdfjrk eksB;k jDdesP;k ns.kX;k vkY;k- Lusgkafdrkyk fdeku :- 1000@& ns.kxh ns.kkÚ;k Kkrh Hkfxuhyk izR;sd f’kfcjkps fuea=.k o f’kfcjkaps fBdk.kh vkjf{kr d{k Bso.;kP;k ;kstuyk mRÑ”V izfrlkn feGw ykxyk-

vkfFkZd O;ogkjkdfjrk lq:okrhyk nknj laLFksP;k 3 T;s”B Hkfxuhaph foÜoLr Eg.kwu fu;qDrh dj.;kr vkyh- R;kaP;k ukos c¡dsr [kkrs m?kM.;kr vkys- dkyakrjkus [kkansikyV dj.;kr ;sÅ ykxyk- LusgkafdrkP;k dk;kZy;kph tckcnkjh Lohdk:u fdeku 2 f’kfcjs vk;ksftr dj.kkÚ;k laLFksdMs foÜoLr in lqiwnZ dj.;kps fuf’pr >kys- R;k laLFksP;k 3 vuqHkoh dk;ZdR;kZaph foÜoLrinh use.kqd gksÅ ykxyh- R;kaP;k lghus c¡dspk loZ O;ogkj gksÅ ykxyk- dkj.k Lusgkafdrk laLFksP;k ukokoj [kkrs m?kM.ks cÚ;kp dkjokbZuarj ‘kD; >kys- foÜoLrin nknj] foysikysZ] Bk.ks] Mksafcoyh] [kkj ;k Øekus fQjys- lqjokrhyk laLFkk injeksM d:u f’kfcj vk;ksftr djr vlrk- ijarq LusgkafdrkP;k dk;kZph egrh iVY;keqGs f’kfcj vk;ksftr dj.kkÚ;k laLFksyk ns.kX;k o Lejf.kdsr tkfgjkrh feGw ykxY;k- f’kfcjkpk [kpZ otk tkÅu moZfjr jDde laLFksyk vkfFkZd LFkS;Z nsÅ ykxyh- v’kk rÚgsus gtkjks&yk[kks :i;kaph myk<ky laLFkk d: ykxY;k- g;k loZ okVpkyhr ,d egRRokP;k xks”VhdMs nqyZ{k >kys- lk/kkj.k 2003 lkyh R;kosGP;k v-Hkk-pka-dk- izHkq e/;orhZ] laLFksps v/;{k vFkZrK vWMOgksdsV lPPkhanz QMdj ;kauk vlk iz’u iMyk dh ,o<h eksBh vkfFkZd myk<ky dj.kkjh laLFkk ^jftLVj* vkgs dk\ Lusgkafdrke/;s LFkkiusiklwu dk;Zjr vlysY;k o R;kosGh lYYkkxkj inkoj vlysY;k Jherh ‘kkfyuhrkbZ [kksidj ;akpsdMs fopkj.kk dsyh- ^ukgh* vls mRRkj vkY;koj R;kauk /kksD;kph lwpuk fnyh o rkcMrksc dk;Zokgh lqjokr dj.;kpk lYYkk fnyk- R;kdfjrk ykx.kkjs ekxZn’kZu o lgdk;kZps vk’oklu fnys o R;kuqlkj dk;Zokghyk lq:okr >kyh- R;k nks?kkaP;k vFkd esgurheqGs o vusdkaP;k lgdk;kZus Lusgkafdrh 2005 lkyh pWfjVh dfe’kujdMs jftLVj >kyh o uarj yxspp ckWEcs vWDV [kkyh jftLVj dj.;kr vkyh-

[kjs Eg.kts lq:okrhiklwup fofo/k laLFkkaP;k vuqHkoh dk;ZdR;kZaP;k ekxZn’kZuk[kkyh laLFksPkk vkfFkZd O;ogkj pks[k o O;oLFkkiu lqjGhr gksr vls- laLFkk jftLVj >kY;kuarj rs vkWfMVjP;k ekxZn’kZuk[kkyh vf/kd f’kLrc/n gksÅ ykxys- ?kVusuqlkj laLFkkaph layXurk o okf”kZd oxZ.kh :- 251@& o vktho lHkkln oxZ.kh :- 1001@& fuf’pr dj.;kr vkyh-

f’kfcj Lo:ikr o dk;ZØekrgh oSfo/; vk.k.;kr ;sr vls- ckSf/nd l=kr oDr`Ro Li/kkZ] dFkkdFku] mrkjk okpu] iz’ueatw”kk] rRle dk;ZØe rj lkaLÑfrd {ks=kr xk;u] ukV;] Lofyf[kr ,dkafddk] u`R;ke/;s dksGhu`R;] yksdu`R; vkfnoklh os’kHkw”ksrhy u`R; yko.kh o xksfoank js xksikyk] lkj[;k ckY;ku`R;kaeqGs lHkkx`g n.kk.kwu tkr vls o ifj{kd vk’p;kZus FkDd gksr vlr- f’kfcjkP;k osGh v/;{kk o izeq[k ikgq.;k Eg.kwu fofo/k {ks=karhy rK o ukekafdr Hkfxuhauk fuaef=r dsys tkrs- R;kaps izxYHk o ekSfyd fopkj Hkfxuhauk ,sdk;yk feGrky- ckSf/nd l=keqGs fopkj okpukyk pkyuk feGrs rj lkaLÑfrd l=ke/;s frP;k lqIr dykxq.kkapk fodkl gksrks-

dsoG f’kfcjs Hkjfo.ks gs Lusgkafdrkps /;s; fdaok lk/; ukgh- rs ,d lk/ku vkgs- fBdfBdk.kh Kkrh L=h laLFkk LFkkiu OgkO;kr o R;kauk izsj.kk ekxZn’kZu feGwu vkpkj fopkj miØe ;kaph nsok.k ?ks.kk.k dj.;kdjhrk ,d lkekbZd O;klihB miyC/k Ogkos] fBdfBdk.kP;k Hkfxuhauh Lusgkps o lkSgknkZus ,d= ;kos] vkRefodklkcjkscjp lektkph lokZaxh.k fodkl lk/kkok gs [kjs mfÌ”V vkgs-

LusgkafdrkdMwu izsj.kk ?ksÅu LFkkfud laLFkkauh dsysyh izxrh gh [kjh QyJqrh vkgs-

vkeph vktph r:.kh izxYHk vkgs- vFkkZtZu] O;fDreRo fodklkcjkscjp dqVqackps LokLFk jk[k.;kps egRo rh tk.krs- frP;k vMp.kh letwu ?ksÅu fryk loZrksijh lkg; dj.ks vko’;d vkgs- gs lR; tk.kwu vusd KkrhlaLFkkauh fo/kk;d dk;ZØe miØe gkrh ?ksrys vkgsr- R;k ;kstuk dk;kZfUor dj.;kdjhrk vkeP;k T;s”B Hkfxuh fuo`RRkh fdaok LosPNkfuo`RRkhuarj iq<s ;sr vkgsr- gh vkuankph xks”V vkgs- R;kauk lkekftd tk.kho vl.kkÚ;k ca/kw HkfxuhadMwu ns.kxh:ikus lgk¸; o izksRlkgu feG.ks xjtsps vkgs-

[kja Eg.kts ^f’kchj vk;kstu* gk Lusgkafdrk laLFksiq<s fnolsafnol ;{k iz’u curk pkyyk vkgs- c¡dkps deh >kysys nj] loZ {ks=krhy izpaM ok<ysyh egkxkbZ- lHkkx`gkaph ok<ysyh HkkMh] ok<ysyk Lejf.kdspk NikbZ [kpZ] pgk&ukLrk] Hkkstukps nj lrr ok<rp vlrkr- g;k lokaZuk lkeksjs tk.;klkBh Lusgkafdrkyk vkiys vkfFkzd cG ok<fo.ks vR;ar xjtsps vkgs- Kkrh HkfxuhaP;k lokZaxh.k izxrhph gh LusgT;ksr dk;e rsor Bso.;klkBh lektlsoh fopkjkaP;k Kkrh ca/kw&Hkfxuhauh ns.kX;k nsÅu lgdk;Z djkos gh fouarh-

^^Jherh ljyk txUUkkFk ns’keq[k jk”Vªirh iksyhl ind fotsth ifgyk Hkkjrh; efgyk** ;kaP;k ve`rt;arh fufeRRk Hkfxuh xkSjo iqjLdkj

  1. Jherh ‘kkfyuh eksgu [kksidj]
  2. Jherh ‘kdqu ujsanz gkftjuhl]
  3. Jherh izeksfnuh jes’k iksruhl o
  4. Jherh ‘kSyk lqjs’k df.kZd ;k pkj Hkfxuhauh R;akP;k T;s”B Hkfxuh fjVk;MZ vflLVaV dfe’kuj vkWQ iksyhl o jk”Vªirh iksyhl ind fotsrh ifgyk Hkkjrh; efgyk dS- Jherh ljyk txUUkkFk ns’keq[k ;kaP;k ve`rt;arh fufeRRk :- 25]051@& ph ns.kxh fnyh- ;k ns.kxh}kj Hkfxuh xkSjo iqjLdkj lq: d:u R;kl ukekadu ns.;kph bPNk O;Dr dsyh- R;kuqlkj ;k iqjLdkjkps ukekadu ^^Jherh ljyk txUUkkFk ns’keq[k jk”Vªirh iksyhl ind fotsth ifgyk Hkkjrh; efgyk ;kaP;k ve`rt;arh fufeRRk Hkfxuh xkSjo iqjLdkj** vls dj.;kr vkys-

iwohZ fofo/k {ks= fuoMwu R;k {ks=kr vykSfdd uSiq.; feGfo.kkÚ;k Hkfxuhl gk iqjLdkj fnyk tkr vls- vkrki;Zar lkgl] m|ksftdk] x| lkfgR;] lektdk;Z] ckxk;rh] i=dkfjrk] dkO;] ohjekrk] ikSjksfgR; v’kk fofo/k {ks=kr fo’ks”k dk;Z dj.kkÚ;k Hkfxuhauk gk iqjLdkj fnyk xsyk- ijarq vkrk fofo/k {ks=kr vykSfdd o vf}rh; v’h dkefxjh dj.kkÚ;k Hkfxuhl ;k iqjLdkjkus xkSjfoys tkrs- jks[k jDde] ‘kky] JhQG o iz’kLrhi= ;k Lo:ikr gk iqjLdkj fnyk tkrks- 1997 e/;s nknj ;sFks >kysY;k LusgkafdrkP;k 17 O;k f’kfcjkiklwu gk iqjLdkj ns.;kl lq:okr >kyh-

2015 lkyh Jherh mTToyk nGoh] ok’kh ;akuh :- 11000 ph ns.kxh fnyh- Hkfxuh xkSjo iqjLdkjkcjkscj Le`frfpUg ns.;kph R;kauh fouarh dsyh- R;kuqlkj Mksafcoyh ;sFks ?ks.;kr ;s.kkÚ;k LusgkafdrkP;k 32 O;k f’kfcjkiklwu gs Le`frfpUg vkys- ;k iqjLdkjkr jks[k jDde] ekui= o Le`frfpUg fnys tkbZy-